Southeastern/Midwestern ethnohistory and archaeology; long-term Indigenous histories; Indigenous-colonizer dynamics; social networks and sociopolitics; kinship and social relatedness; chronometric dating and Bayesian modeling; archaeological geophysics; GIS and spatial analyses; ceramic analysis; archaeological sciences; collections-based research
As an anthropologist, I am most concerned with how societies reorganize themselves, especially in the context of heightened social, political, and economic uncertainty. My expertise is in the archaeology of eastern North America with a particular focus on the societies of the midwestern and southeastern United States between roughly 250 BC and AD 1750. Using a range of analytical approaches including formal network analyses, high-resolution chronological modeling, traditional ceramic analysis, and archaeological geophysics, I explore long-term sociopolitical histories, especially with regard to how major ruptures in these histories articulated with the reorganization of social networks across large regions and among diverse populations.
I am particularly committed to destabilizing the use of archaeologically constructed categories that continue to contribute to the homogenization, simplification, and erasure of Indigenous histories. More specifically, my current work seeks to bridge the artificial conceptual divide between pre- and post-contact Indigenous peoples. In this context, I leverage high-precision chronological modeling and formal network analyses of large archaeological and ethnohistoric datasets to move beyond the use of chrono-historical units of time (e.g., archaeological phases) and top-down sociopolitical models (e.g., chiefdom).
I am currently working to develop the North American Peach Pit Project (NAPPP) which is designed to explore continental-scale Indigenous networks at the time of European colonization. This project is rooted in the development of a comprehensive database of early colonial era (1540-1670) Indigenous and European artifacts (and ethnohistoric accounts) contextualized by a high-resolution, high-precision radiocarbon chronology for the purpose of evaluating the scale, structure, and dynamics of Indigenous networks across North America at the time of, and immediately after, European encroachment. Because peaches (Prunus persica) could not have been introduced before the establishment of St. Augustine in 1566, and spread almost exclusively (and rapidly) through Indigenous networks, they are a prime source for establishing an independent chronological framework and thus for elucidating the scale, structure, and historical dynamics of Indigenous networks compared to the use of materially-derived chronologies based on essentialized ceramic or trade-good typologies.
The most substantive outcome of NAPPP will be a tangible platform on which to build collaborative, interdisciplinary relationships between archaeologist, ethnohistorians, plant biologists, ecologists and descendant communities with the goal of more broadly addressing the multi-faceted (e.g., social, political, ecological, biological) foundations and contexts of the diffusion and adoption of peaches across North America. Future collaborative work will focus on the analysis of carbon and nitrogen isotopes from peach pits to understand Indigenous management practices across diverse environmental niches. Pending the condition of preserved peach pits, I plan to explore (through collaboration) the application of aDNA to 1) understanding modes of cultivation (e.g., planting peach stones v. grafting), 2) determining whether or not ecologically (or culturally) distinct practices led to the development of unique landraces of peaches (e.g., re-domestication), and 3) to elucidate how far west peaches from eastern settlements spread compared to how far east peaches from southwestern Franciscan missions spread, lending valuable insight into the extent and scale of Indigenous social networks across North America.
Lulewicz, Jacob, Megan Conger, Jennifer Birch, Stephen Kowalewski, and Travis Jones
n.d. (Under Review for the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology) An Institutional Approach for Archaeology.
Lulewicz, Jacob, Victor Thompson, Mark Williams, James Wettstead
n.d. (Under Review for American Antiquity) Enduring Traditions and the (Im)materiality of Early Colonial Encounter in the Interior Southeastern United States.
Lulewicz, Jacob and Lynne Sullivan
n.d. (Under Review) Gendering Networks: Politics and Personhood in Eastern Tennessee. In Mississippian Women, edited by Rachel Briggs, Lynne Sullivan, and Michaelyn Harle. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
2019 The Social Networks and Structural Variation of Mississippian Sociopolitics in the Southeastern United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116(14):6707-6712.
2019 A Bayesian Approach to Regional Ceramic Seriation and Political History in the Southern Appalachian (Northern Georgia) Region of the Southeastern United States. Journal of Archaeological Science 105:1-10.
Lulewicz, Jacob, Victor D. Thompson, and Chester B. DePratter
2019 Mapping Spanish Settlement at Santa Elena, 1566-1587: An Integrated Archaeogeophysical Approach. Archaeological Prospection https://doi.org/10.1002/arp/1737.
Riehm, Grace E., Robbie Ethridge, Lydia Brambalia, Brittany A. Brown, Lauren K. Collins, Danielle N. Effre, Stephen A. Kowalewski, Jacob Lulewicz, Morgan J. Lyon, Caitlin F. Plesher, Brandon T. Ritchison, Colleen N. Smith, Amanda J. Sutton, and Victor D. Thompson
2019 What is Ethnohistory?: A Sixty-Year Retrospective. Ethnohistory 66(1):145-162.
Lulewicz, Jacob and Adam Coker
2018 The Structure of the Mississippian World: A Social Network Approach to the Organization of Sociopolitical Interactions. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 50:113-127.
Thompson, Victor D., Chester B. DePratter, Jacob Lulewicz, Isabelle Lulewicz, Amanda Roberts Thompson, Brandon Ritchison, Justin Cramb, and Matthew Colvin
2018 The Archaeology and Remote Sensing of Santa Elena’s Four Millennia of Occupation. Remote Sensing 10(2):248-277.
2018 Radiocarbon Data, Bayesian Modeling, and Alternative Historical Frameworks. Advances in Archaeological Practice 6(1):1-14.
Introduction to GIS for Anthropologists
Social Networks and Anthropology
Archaeology of North America
The Archaeology of Time
Archaeologies of Sex and Gender